Using the Stages of Team Development MIT Human Resources

You want a team that is productive, professional, and collaborative — but it won’t happen overnight. When a team is first formed, there can be uncertainty and even anxiety, but also excitement. This is normal, and is considered one of the stages of team building. The team member starts achieving their objectives they are more positive and cooperative to each other and feeling confidant.

team building phases

Team building methods are ways to form and manage groups of workers. The purpose of these methods is to provide managers with proven models and guidelines to build better teams. This stage looks at the team from the perspective of the well-being of the team instead of the perspective of handling a team through the original four stages of team growth. This stage of a group can be confusing and is usually reached when the task is successfully completed.

Four Stages of Team Building | How to Build a Successful Team

Create an agenda and establish a document to track ideas and comments during the meeting. Share a link to these meeting notes afterwards so that everyone has access and can review it later. Organize the agenda so that each team member has five to ten minutes to talk through their insights and ideas. Allow extra time to review the ideas the team shares and to answer questions. Any team building method that improves your team’s productivity and solidarity is sure to catch the big bosses’ attention.

team building phases

If you’re about to start this process, a former colleague gave me the book The First 90 Days, which is my favorite read anytime I take on a new role. This book provides a great reminder to step back and evaluate your situation with fresh eyes so you can streamline your team’s energy toward your ultimate goal. Here the group just disbands as it has either finished the task or some of its members have moved on. Before a team disbands, its members would think about the time they spent together.

Storming Stage

In the Performing stage, the team makes significant progress towards its goals. Commitment to the team’s mission is high and the competence of team members is also high. Team members should continue to deepen their knowledge and skills, including working to continuously improving team development. Accomplishments in team process or progress are measured and celebrated.

Team cohesiveness is the extent that members are attracted to the team and are motivated to remain in the team. Members of highly cohesive teams value their membership, are committed to team activities, and gain satisfaction from team success. They try to conform to norms because they want to maintain their relationships in the team and they want to meet team expectations. Teams with strong performance norms and high cohesiveness are high performing.

team building phases

At Team Tactics we provide a large selection of team activities suitable for all groups. From events requiring strong technical and analytical skills to those requiring optimum creativity, there is an event for everyone. Team building activities promote problem solving, communication and leadership in a supportive and encouraging environment. Team Building activities are designed to be fun and engaging and are therefore an excellent way of forming relationships whilst becoming familiar with each other’s strengths.


Strategies for this phase include recognizing change, providing an opportunity for summative team evaluations, and providing an opportunity for acknowledgments. Role behaviour is flexible and situationally adapted to the respective framework conditions. For the team, holistic success is important – individual performance becomes less and less important.

Their focus may shift from the tasks at hand to feelings of frustration or anger with the team’s progress or process. Members may express concerns about being unable to meet the team’s goals. During the Storming stage, members are trying to see how the team will respond to differences and how it will handle conflict. This is the stage during which co-workers get to know each other and build the trust which is essential for good individual relationships. When a new team forms, it is important for the team to have a purpose which enables them to understand how they fit in. An absence of trust and direction will mean that teammates are not open with each other, will be unable to agree on strategy and operate less efficiently as they are unwilling to share tasks.

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By recognizing that your hard work produces results, you inspire your employees towards continued excellence. However, you need to praise the achievements in a timely manner so that employees can feel the full benefits. Teams that communicate effectively waste less time and are more productive.

This final part of the team building process grants teammates closure and provides a chance to reflect on the experience. Norms result from the interaction of team members during the development process. Initially, during the forming and storming stages, norms focus on expectations for attendance and commitment. Later, during the norming and performing stages, norms focus on relationships and levels of performance.

  • This Stage of Team Building involves the agreement of how to divide required work and what role each team member is to play in the accomplishment of the team’s goals.
  • Employees can post musings, memes, personal or professional victories, or any other topic that might constitute breakroom chit chat in a more traditional office setting.
  • Many teams take two figurative steps forward only to realize they’ve taken a step back down the line, so there’s no reason to panic if your group returns to a previous stage of team development.
  • As it relates to the five stages of team development, the adage “the sum is greater than its parts” certainly applies.
  • Team building board games are a vastly underrated cooperation-based activity.
  • To collaborate effectively, every group member must have clear roles and responsibilities.

To maximize your team’s immediate and ultimate success, you’ll need to shepherd your team through each phase of the development process, starting with the forming stage. As your team relishes in norming, members will start to work together seamlessly without any or limited conflict. In this phase, everyone is 100 percent sure about their individual roles and who the team leader is. Team members develop greater respect for those tasked with project management responsibilities, too. Some members are upbeat and proud of what the team has accomplished; others feel they’ll lose the close relationships they’ve formed. A lessons learned session can help solidify important takeaways at these stage.

A war room is used for creating WBS, network diagram, schedule, etc. By now, your team will have an indelible leadership structure in place and your team’s goals will be top of mind for everyone laboring to achieve them. Workers will be focused and purposeful, and their objectives and work will align perfectly. In the storming stage great efforts are needed to calm down the individuals and put a lot of effort into keeping team members positive.

What is the most important stage of team development?

Its members frequently socialize and even take group vacations. According to co-CEO John Mackey, they have developed a high degree of trust that results in better communication and a willingness to work out problems and disagreements when they occur. Our discussion so far has focused mostly on a team as an entity, not on the individuals inside the team. This is like describing a car by its model and color without considering what is under the hood. External characteristics are what we see and interact with, but internal characteristics are what make it work. In teams, the internal characteristics are the people in the team and how they interact with each other.

Encourage team members to develop a schedule filled with large blocks of time that are free from interruptions like meetings or check-ins. In this world of constant notifications, it’s easy for people to get derailed and forget which goals are really important. This is especially important for creative and development teams.

Building a Team vs. Building a Program State College, PA –

Building a Team vs. Building a Program State College, PA.

Posted: Thu, 10 Nov 2022 10:33:35 GMT [source]

Make sure everyone steps back each day or week to take a look at the larger picture. Here is a guide to workplace competitions and one with conflict resolution activities for teams. Team building methods are procedures for assembling cohesive and cooperative teams that work well together.

Stages of Team Building

At this stage, the project is coming to an end and the team members are moving off in different directions. New people are joining the team, so the team clock starts again with a new forming process. During “performing” the mood is described as full of ideas, flexible, open and productive, as well as supportive and supportive. The facilitator connects again and again the clock of team development with the participants’ own experience. For the storming phase, turbulence and critical discussions are more than typical. The team has been established and tensions and differences of opinion arise.

The storming stage is arguably the most critical of all the team-making phases, but it’s also the most difficult one for teams to get through. In this phase, teammates start to realize all the things that bother them about their coworkers. Differences in working styles, communication, and various other things are often the source of conflict during this stage. Whether you’re a leader or a team member, it’s important to remember that team development is somewhat akin to child development in the sense that it’s not always a linear process. Like a five-year-old may revert back to thumb-sucking, a team may reach a successively higher stage in Tuckman’s model only to temporarily fall back into a previous stage. It might not be possible to plan an in-person meet-up, especially if your projects have short turnaround times.

What are creative team building methods?

Team members feel an increasing acceptance of others on the team, recognizing that the variety of opinions and experiences makes the team stronger and its product richer. Members start to feel part of a team and can take pleasure from the increased group cohesion. Team Tasks during the Storming stage of development call for the team to refocus four stages of team development on its goals, perhaps breaking larger goals down into smaller, achievable steps. The team may need to develop both task-related skills and group process and conflict management skills. A redefinition of the team’s goals, roles and tasks can help team members past the frustration or confusion they experience during the Storming stage.

Each team member has a role to play, but those roles must be clear for your teams to succeed. If every member of a baseball team chased after the ball, then a game would devolve into chaos. Similarly, if your team members are unsure of responsibilities, employees may duplicate work or miss tasks. As defined in the human resource plan, the project manager appraises performance and gives out team-member-appropriate rewards and recognition in the Develop Project Team process. Many people experience the feeling of loss when their group disbands.

Bruce Tuckman’s four stages of team building describes the path that teams usually follow in order to achieve a high performance in their job function. Even for an established team, reviewing the four stages of team building is important to maintain morale and cohesion, thereby maintaining successful performance. Below we look at the four stages of team building and how these can be achieved in your office. While all phases of team building are important, many leaders consider storming to be the most important stage of team development.

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